By upgrading poultry equipment, more pressure is felt on the poultry to achieve maximum production. In these stressful conditions, contamination of feed, immature juvenile flora in small chicks and their maintenance in dense bundles threaten the health of chickens and prevent them from increasing their productivity.
Organic acids are known to be effective in improving the health of poultry feed and in improving the health of the poultry gut. The combination of organic acids with edible supplements is one of the four effective mechanisms for protecting feed and animal health in poultry farms. This approach has been addressed in order to cope with the challenges facing the poultry industry.
Prohibition of bacterial intake
The first mandatory mechanism in this section is the prohibition of bacterial intake. Acidic acid 1 Like organic acids, it reduces the pH of the poultry feed and limits the environment for the growth of microbes in water and poultry feed. It also reduces the number of germs present in poultry feed and poultry, and subsequently reduces the amount of germs in the body of the poultry. Compounds of different types of organic acids increase their synergistic effect. The results of experiments on samples of feed and water collected in the Selko Laboratory for several years have shown that formic acid and acetic acid play an important role in reducing Salmonella and E. coli bacteria. Sorbic acid and benzoic acid have the same function, but these acids are present only in the form of dry products, and therefore their solubility is low. Propionic acid has a lower efficacy than E. coli and Salmonella, but has a significant role in preventing mold growth. Experimental results indicate that a mixture of formic acid and acetic acid at a concentration of 0.5 and 0.5 kg / ton can be more effective than salmonella and E. coli.
By adding organic acids in water and feed, the number of germs decreases, however, some microbes survive and are eaten by the animal. PH levels are naturally low in single-dose animals, and when fed, the amount of PH in the stomach increases and this creates favorable conditions for microbial growth. Organic acids reduce the pH of the stomach during digestion, thus naturally confronting the growth of harmful bacteria. In addition, protein degrading enzymes help digestion by reducing the amount of gastric pH.
Microbiota Management (Microbiota2)
The second factor in increasing the productivity of the poultry and its health is the proper management of microbiota. The density and diversity of intestinal microbes increases from the beginning of the digestive system to the end of the gut. Gram-positive bacteria are often found in the intestinal part of the poultry. The cell wall of the gram-positive bacteria has a thickness of 3 pitchedglycan peptidoglycan layers as compared to gram-negative bacteria, which has caused these bacteria to have more resistance to acid. Trans-fatty acids (MCFA) increase the permeability of organic acid molecules by destabilizing the peptidoglycan layer of gram-positive bacteria.
If lower trans fatty acids are combined with organic acids, their spectrum of activity expands and helps maintain microbial balance. Low trans fatty acids are easily digested and absorbed by the digestive system. As mentioned, the density and variety of microbiota at the end of the intestine is higher, and somewhat should help to stabilize the intestinal microbial balance. Trans fatty acids are broken down in the lower parts of the small intestine and this helps to maintain the microbiota balance.
Alignment of acids
The mixture of organic acids that are used as complementary poultry feeds are less susceptible to pH changes than non-buffered acids. These acidic compounds with a lower pH corrosive pH are safer for the consumer. Research has shown that the pH of the aluminum buffer solution is lower and more stable than sodium or calcium, which proves the fact that aluminum is a very effective buffering agent. During the production process of ammonium formulation, the chemical reaction of formic acid and ammonium produced a very high temperature, which makes it toxic.
The Selko poultry supplement production plant uses a reactor to control the temperature while reacting to the reactor, thus ensuring that the acids are balanced in a more secure and efficient environment. The amino acid buffer affects the digestive system. Since the constant equilibrium (acid separation constant) of the aluminum salts is relatively high (9/25), they remain intact with the lower pH of the digestive tract and are not neutralized by pancreatic enzymes, but differentiated in the region with high pH of the digestive tract. Salmonella’s adhesion to the intestinal mucosa is the first stage in the proliferation of this bacterium, and this bacterium should be prevented from sticking to this bacterium. Plant extracts are also used to disrupt the adhesion mechanism of Salmonella to the intestinal wall, and this type of intestinal flora is maintained.
Preserving the intestinal parasites
The third factor for improving poultry productivity is the optimal performance of the intestinal parasite, and this improvement is essential for animal health. Intestinal disorders cause the absorption of nutrients by the animal to be reduced and the animal does not have the necessary safety in the face of pathogens and poisons. This causes the acid or ester 5 fatty acids to free up in the small intestine.
Research has shown that dietary supplements for broiler chickens with a well-functioning performance guarantee duodenal health.
Strong defense system
The fourth mechanism discussed is the presence of a stable amount of microbiota in the intestine. An intestinal with a healthy wall and a strong defense system play an important role in the fight against a variety of pathogens. Certain plants are also used to control the adhesion of the Salmonella virus and its positive impact on the immune system of the intestines. Research has shown that the use of these plants increases the production of antibodies in the body of chicks and also eliminates Salmonella bacteria.
Lastly, in order to increase the productivity of poultry, maintaining the health of the intestinal state is beyond the management of public health. Once poultry food security has been provided, there are various issues in increasing feed intake. Selko’s company examined the impact of organic acids and feed supplements on the health of poultry intestines in their products, and the results of the studies indicated increased productivity of poultry.
1 Acidic Edible Cheeks: Acids that reduce the pH of the food, stomach, and microbial cytoplasm, thereby inhibiting the growth of pathogens in the intestinal microbial flora. Antimicrobial properties of organic acids in the control of bacteria in the upper intestinal tract have beneficial effects.
2: Microbiota: Intestinal flora is a collection of microorganisms that are associated with different organs outside the body.
3: Ptitidoglycan, also known as morin or mucopeptide, is a polymer made of sugars and amino acids, which forms the cell wall of bacteria. Peptidoglycan contains a unique sugar called moramic acid, which is not found elsewhere in nature. Piogglycan plays a role in the structural strength of the bacterial wall as well as in coping with the osmotic pressure of the cytoplasm.
4: Buffer solution is a solution that is made from a weak acid and its salt, or a weak opening, and its salt. Buffer solutions can maintain the pH of the solution, even if they are slightly additive or acid addition.
5: Esther: An organic salt obtained from the reaction of alcohol or alkali and an organic acid.